ULAN-BATOR, formerly Urga, is the capital of Mongolia and by far the largest city. As most cities in Mongolia, it grew around the site of the monastery, the seat of the "living buddha" of Mongolia - Jebtzun Damba, also known as Bogdo Gegen and Bogdo Khan - the third most important figure after the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama. Today, the city is a curious mix of Soviet-built high-rise apartments, Buddhist temples, Bogdo Khan's palaces, wooden houses, and traditional circular felt yurts (gers) surrounded by picturesque mountains. Ulan-Bator, named after the People's Revolution's leader, Sukhbaatar, literally means "Red Hero".
Gandan Monastery
Ulaanbaatar Suburbs
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